The importance of taking control of your career and accepting responsibility for your own career progression cannot be over-estimated. Developing a career plan is part of that responsibility. Proactively managing your career can ensure you follow a career path that will fulfil your own values, interests and ambitions and meet both your professional and personal objectives.
1. Understand who you are
The foundations of any plans for the future are based on your understanding of who you are, what is important to you, and your dreams and hopes for the years ahead. This understanding will help you to begin the process of planning and making decisions for your future career. These simple questions can help you reflect on your career thus far: What are the significant influences in your life, and how have these affected your career?
• Motivation? What inspires you?
• What are your values?
• Any skills?
• Your successes and failures?
• Do you have current obligations and commitments?
• Any talents that you feel are underdeveloped?
• Do you feel in a rut of any kind?
• What has triggered your job moves in the past?
How we perceive ourselves is not always how others see us. So when assessing who you are, it is helpful to ask people you trust to give you a candid appraisal and offer constructive advice for improvement.
2. Consider the direction you want your career to take
Using your current position as the starting point, begin thinking about the direction you want your career to take. It is helpful to visualise the ultimate end goal and then work backwards to where you are now. This will enable you to clearly see the gap between the present position and the future ideal. Political campaigners use this approach when planning for a forthcoming election. They focus on the election date and then work back to the present; carefully calculating the steps that need to be taken in order to reach it. Another technique for visualising and planning ahead is to write your future CV, inserting things you want to achieve such as additional qualifications, job roles or experiences and then realistically calculating how long it will take to attain them.
3. Set realistic timeframes
It can be difficult to project how long it will take to reach some career goals, but it’s important to set timeframes which are as realistic as possible. Being unrealistic about your prospects can lead to frustration and demotivation. Careers develop sporadically. Early goals may be met reasonably quickly as a result of your qualifications or participation in a fast-track programme; climbing up the organisational hierarchy may take a lot longer as you gain knowledge and experience and build a reputation as someone who can be trusted to get things done. If you aspire to a particular role within your organisation, don’t be afraid to cultivate contacts with senior managers who already hold your dream job to discover how they gained their position and how long it took them. With organisations constantly evolving and restructuring it is no longer practical to map out the entire course of your working life.
Although it is helpful to give an overall structure to your plan by thinking about medium and long-term goals, these should be marked ‘subject to change’ so that the plan doesn’t become rigid and prevent you from taking advantage of fresh opportunities as they arise. In today’s rapidly changing social and business environment, tying to anticipate what may happen ten, twenty or thirty years ahead is futile. Instead, focus primarily focus on shorter term milestones. This will put you in a better position to adapt to changing conditions or setbacks without throwing you entirely off course. Once you have fulfilled your short-term goals, you can then concentrate on the next stage until you finally reach your ultimate goal.
4. Stabilise your career
Your career plan may include periods of your working life when you wish to maintain the status quo. This could be for a number of months or years, depending on your personal situation. There are various reasons why you may choose to do this. It could be that, for the present, you are satisfied with your life as it is, or that obligations and commitments make it untenable for you to make changes things at present. It may be due to achieving a feeling of contentment after a period of unrest when you’ve felt unsettled or frustrated. Or you may simply have worked hard to reach a position that you now occupy and want to enjoy for a while! Whatever reasons lead you to consciously remain in situ, the decision should be a positive one.
Don’t allow a fear of change, anxiety about the future or worse still, indifference to your career development to make you passive or inactive. As well as opting to stabilise your career, you may actively decide to ‘press pause’ at some point. Raising a family, pursuing a long-held ambition to travel, or undertaking a volunteering opportunity may all require a break from the pursuit of your career goals, but may make a substantial contribution to your personal satisfaction and well-being. Personal lives and working lives run parallel to each other and sometimes an overlap between the two will necessitate a break from career progression.
5. Devise a flexible plan to meet the unexpected
Although you may make a conscious decision not to change your job, sometimes change can be thrust upon us by factors outside our control. Career stability and progress may be threatened by redundancy, company mergers, demotion or ill health. Adopting a flexible approach to planning your career is crucial as it will help you to roll with the punches, as well as the positives, and come to terms with diversions without losing sight of the end goal. If your career plan is too rigid, i.e. I must achieve x by y date, failure to meet goals by a given time could result in a loss of confidence and motivation. This can set you back for weeks, months or even years with time wasted and ambitions left unrealised.
6. Forge ahead proactively
If you make the conscious decision to purposefully seek opportunities to advance your career, there are many ways to approach this. You can make small or large changes, depending on the scale of your ambition. Or, you may decide to make a big change in one area, a small change in one area, or several small changes concurrently. You may plan to make changes over an extended period, or as quickly as possible. Consider the impact any major career decisions will have on other aspects of your life. Gaining that promotion, for example, could necessitate a house move, a longer commute to the office or longer working hours. Ensure that any changes you build into your career plan are fully supported by those who will be affected by your decisions, and that you factor in any additional time and resources required to execute your plans.
7. Change your current position
Within your current job, there may be ways to enhance what you are doing and so increase your job satisfaction or your chances of promotion. Here is a list of suggestions:
• look for alternative ways of doing things and suggest improvements
• undertake a new project
• volunteer for new responsibilities
• negotiate a redefinition of your job role to include more stretch
• participate in a job swap or consider more formal secondment possibilities
• develop your network of colleagues across the organisation
• organise a visit to another department
• offer to coach new colleagues
• shadow a colleague
• investigate the options of part-time, job share, flexible employment.
8. Change yourself
It may be that you need to improve your career prospects by changing or developing yourself:
• learning new skills or updating rusty ones
• setting yourself more realistic expectations or more ambitious targets
• re-examining your attitudes and behaviour.
You may be able to take advantages of training courses and qualifications offered by your organisation with the aim of up-skilling their workforce. Bear in mind, though, that you, not your organisation, are responsible for your career progression. Consider looking beyond your current employment for ways to develop yourself. For example, undertaking an independent course of study or volunteering in your spare time could equip you with new skills, fill any ‘gaps’ in your knowledge and/or experience, and place you in a stronger position for career advancement. If you are considering a change of profession or role consult a careers adviser to help reshape your plan to fit your ideals.
9. Change your job
The concept of a ‘job for life’ is now mostly a distant memory. Many ambitious people now expect to change jobs every two years or so, although a period of economic recession may have encouraged people who feel that their jobs are relatively secure to stay in place longer. Weigh up the prospects you have in your current position. Look at the structure of your organisation. Does it offer room for you to grow? Flat organisational structures, or small companies can limit the possibilities of advancement. If your only route to promotion is to wait for your boss to retire, your career may stagnate. Conversely, you may feel like just another face in the crowd and struggle to stand out from others. When your current position is failing to offer the opportunities you are looking for, it’s time to consider changing jobs.
Networking will be important, whether you are looking for new opportunities with your current employer, a new employer or even thinking of setting up your own business. Make use of internal networks and professional or local networking groups, as well as online networks such as LinkedIn. You will need to follow up useful contacts and establish new ones in areas and sector you are attracted to. If you want to change your job completely, take a positive approach, and examine your position creatively to ensure as close a match as possible between what you can offer and what employers are looking for.
Consider whether, for example you can:
• identify gaps in your skills
• update your skills or learn new ones
• polish up your interview techniques
• update and tailor your CV to the type of job you are seeking.
There is no guarantee that the right job will become available at the right time or that you’ll be successful. If your initial job applications are unsuccessful, persevere and above all try not to become discouraged. Ask for feedback and as a result adjust your applications as necessary. Wait patiently for the right opportunity to arise and adjust your plan accordingly. Don’t limit yourself to thinking about opportunities which offer promotion. A sideways move or even a demotion can broaden your experience. It can reacquaint you with the realities of the shop floor, increase job satisfaction and also improve work-life balance.
10. Update and reshape your plan
As time passes you may find that you have overestimated some abilities and consequently underestimated others; you have discovered capacities you maybe did not realise you had; or that circumstances have made some of your skills redundant or obsolete and as a result, made others more important. Your career plan will therefore need regular revision to keep it on course. Earmarking a specific date on the calendar is a good way to ensure you consciously take time to review it. The start of the year; your birthday; the date you started work at the company, or the date you left school/graduated and began your career – whatever date you select, commit to reviewing your plan annually. Failure to review your plan regularly can therefore result in a state of inertia, whilst colleagues forge ahead. Career planning keeps your working life moving forward proactively.